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is one of Germany the world's leading industrialised countries, located in the heart of Europe. It is bordered to the north by the North Sea, Denmark, and the Baltic Sea, to the south by Austria and Switzerland, to the west by France, Belgium, the Netherlands and Luxembourg, and to the east by Poland and the Czech Republic.
Germany is a democratic federal parliamentary republic, containing 16 federal-
states ( Bundeslnder), which in certain spheres act independently of the Federation or "Bund".
The Federal Republic of Germany is a member state of the
United Nations, NATO, the G8 nations, and a founding member of what is now the European Union. It is the largest country in surface area in Central Europe. More...
( Battle of Jutland German: Skagerrakschlacht) was the largest naval battle of World War I and the only full-scale clash of battleships in that war. It was fought on 31 May1 June 1916, in the North Sea near Jutland, the northward-pointing peninsular mainland of Denmark. The combatants were the (Germany's) Kaiserliche Marines High Seas Fleet and the Royal Navys British Grand Fleet. The intention of the German fleet was to lure out, trap and destroy a portion of the Grand Fleet, part of their larger strategy of breaking the British naval blockade of the North Sea and allowing German mercantile shipping to operate again. The Royal Navy, on the other hand, was pursuing a strategy seeking to engage and cripple the High Seas Fleet and keep the German force bottled up and away from their own shipping lanes.
Fourteen British and eleven German ships were sunk with great loss of life. Both sides claimed victory. The British had lost more ships and many more sailors, and the British press criticized the Grand Fleet's actions, but Scheers plan of destroying Beattys squadrons had also failed. In the aftermath of the battle, the German Navy turned its efforts and resources to
unrestricted submarine warfare. More...
Anniversaries for December 20
Did you know ...
... that the opera house for the Dresden court, Opernhaus am Taschenberg (pictured), opened in 1667 and was dedicated as a church in 1708? ... that Dieterich Buxtehude combined as funeral music for his father the earlier , composed for Menno Hanneken, and a new lament Mit Fried und Freud ? Klag-Lied ... that Martin Luther's hymn " ", a reflection of the Mit Fried und Freud ich fahr dahin canticle of Simeon, is the base of funeral music by Schtz, Buxtehude and Bach? ... that was the first Hermann Graf fighter pilot to claim 200 aerial victories? ... that although the , in Hendrick Martin House Red Hook, New York, was built according to German building traditions, it shows later Dutch and English influence? ... that since the execution of and a German soldier for war crimes on 21 March 1952, no further Andries Jan Pieters executions have taken place in the Netherlands? ... that conducted Wagner's Hans Wallat ninety times? Der Ring des Nibelungen
Germany Geography History ( Holy Roman Empire, Prussia, Nazi Germany, ...) Culture ( Arts, Languages, Literature, Religion, ...) Companies - Tourism - Sports Society - Politics - Science and technology People ( Politicians, Scientists, Musicians, ...)
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: tasks you can do Requests: Johann Ludwig Ernst Morgenstern (de), Stefan Krner (de), Martin Zeil (de), Wolfgang Bchner (journalist) (de), Otto Feick (de), Adolf Goetzberger (de), Konrad Grebe (de), Wolfgang Helfrich (de) Copyedit: Lachsack (de), Jochen Mass, Juergen Schreiber add sources to Unreferenced: Fort Breendonk, Unreferenced BLPs, Argengau, Bundesautobahn 93, Benjamin Trinks, High German languages, 1954 FIFA World Cup Final Cleanup: Volkswagen Golf Mk6 Expand: Wilhelmplatz, Literature of East Germany, DEFA Translate: Articles needing translation from German Wikipedia Disambiguation: German Stubs: Albersdorf, Thuringia, Heilbronn League, Teck, Gabriele Zimmer, Ingo Friedrich NPOV: Anti-German sentiment, German Visa Affair 2005, 1939 German expedition to Tibet Update Portal maintenance: News, Did you know, announcements, and suggest Selected article and picture : Orphans Orphaned articles in Germany : Photo Take/Add requested photographs Help assess the quality of 3,611 unassessed articles
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