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is one of Germany the world's most industrialised countries, located in the center of Europe. It is bordered to the north by the North Sea, Denmark, and the Baltic Sea, to the south by Austria and Switzerland, to the west by France, Belgium, the Netherlands and Luxembourg, and to the east by Poland and the Czech Republic.
Germany is a democratic federal parliamentary republic, containing 16 federal-
states ( Bundeslnder), which in certain spheres act independently of the Federation or "Bund".
The Federal Republic of Germany is a member state of the
United Nations, NATO, the G8 nations, and a founding member of the European Union. More...
( Battle of Jutland German: Skagerrakschlacht) was the largest naval battle of World War I and the only full-scale clash of battleships in that war. It was fought on 31 May1 June 1916, in the North Sea near Jutland, the northward-pointing peninsular mainland of Denmark. The combatants were the (Germany's) Kaiserliche Marines High Seas Fleet and the Royal Navys British Grand Fleet. The intention of the German fleet was to lure out, trap and destroy a portion of the Grand Fleet, part of their larger strategy of breaking the British naval blockade of the North Sea and allowing German mercantile shipping to operate again. The Royal Navy, on the other hand, was pursuing a strategy seeking to engage and cripple the High Seas Fleet and keep the German force bottled up and away from their own shipping lanes.
Fourteen British and eleven German ships were sunk with great loss of life. Both sides claimed victory. The British had lost more ships and many more sailors, and the British press criticized the Grand Fleet's actions, but Scheers plan of destroying Beattys squadrons had also failed. In the aftermath of the battle, the German Navy turned its efforts and resources to
unrestricted submarine warfare. More...
Anniversaries for August 2
Did you know ...
... that the in Lutherkirche Wiesbaden has two great organs, one behind the altar (pictured) built by Walcker in 1911, the other opposite built by Klais in the 1970s? ... that the actress was Mother Courage in Gerda Mller the play by Bertolt Brecht? .. that German architect 's design of Paul Schneider-Esleben Cologne Bonn Airport was emulated by numerous other airports around the world? ... that although 's death was ruled a suicide, some believed she was killed by the Mathilde Wurm Gestapo? ... that in 1874, and colleague Konrad Koch August Hermann organized what is believed to be the first football match in Germany? ... that Bach's earliest solo church cantata, , for an Widerstehe doch der Snde, BWV 54 alto voice on a text by Lehms, begins with a dissonance? ... that on 5 July 1943, Nazi Germany launched its final major offensive against the Soviet Union in the ? Battle of Kursk ... that a wooden bridge connecting the two towers of the Holy Cross Church (pictured) in Lehre, Germany, was jokingly called the highest bridge in Lower Saxony?
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